Taourirt | ⵟⴰⵓⵓⵔⵉⵔⵜ
Thami el Glaoui the Pacha of Marrakech was a big landowner. In the Ouarzazate region, he entrusted the ksar of Taourirt to his eldest son. El Glaoui transforms part of the ksar into a splendid Kasbah where his family resided until the independence of Morocco 1956. As the Kasbah is located in the center of Ouarzazate, it got a lot of care, the most of it was restored in the 80s; while the south side just restored in the last two years. Outside walls of Taourirt Kasbah are decorated with geometric Amazigh patterns. However, when you are inside the building, you will discover the richness of the decoration Glaoui puts in it. Some rooms are decorated with carved and painted cedar plank ceilings, paintings, and zelliges on the walls. If you take the Kasbah from its contest, in this case, the Ksar, it might not be as impressive as other ones in 1000 Kasab route. Also, the area now open for visitors is really a small portion of what the Kasbah is.
Taourirt has been built in the 17 century. Its expansion and reshuffle would be made by Hammadi Glaoui the sibling of Madani in 1882.
Taourirt history started at the time of Sultan Mly Abderrahman ben Hicham, who had named Mohammed Ibibt El Mezouari from Telouet chef of Glaoua, Ouaouzguit, and Imeghran.
Afterward, the new Caid started a strategy of taking over land from the south-eastern. Around then Taourirt was under the authority of caïds of Tamnougalt. This authority was removed by that of Telouet in 1874 when Mohamed Ibibt takes over Si El Abbas. The Glaoua’s arrangement was then founded on marital collusions to predominance over the region.
On the demise of Amghar Mohamed or Hmad or Abou, Si Hammadi el Glaoui wedded his widow Lalla Sfia Hmad; his nephew (child of Mohamed Ibibt) wedded him Lalla Ijja Hmad, sister of Amghar. Through these connections, the Glaoua have their hand-controlled Taourirt and Ouarzazate, particularly after the passage of Sultan Hassan 1st.
Si Hammadi el Glaoui roled until he dies in 1937 thanks to his brother the Pasha Thami and the military intensity of his nephew Hammou el Glaoui.
The family kept their hand on Taourirt with Mohamed ben Hammadi. In 1940, Mohamed El Mahdi ben Hammadi ruled Taourirt until Independence.
Municipality of Ouarzazate
The Gloaui’s property was requisitioned by the government; some came back to the beneficiaries in the 1960s. In 1972, the Taourirt Kasbah was bought by the Municipality of Ouarzazate.